What Is STD Trichomoniasis|Trichomonas Infection?
Trichomonas infection is one of the most commonly prevalent sexually transmitted diseases in the world and has other names such as std trichomoniasis,trich, trichomonas vaginitis or just trichomoniasis.
This disease is caused by a microorganism called 'trichomonas vaginalis'which is a parasite in genitourinary tract that can remain inactive in persons without showing any symptoms for long periods.This disease when active in women is called vaginitis and when active in men it is called urethritis.This disease is usually contracted through sexual act but occasionally spreads due to other reasons such as shared bath tubs.Trichomonas infection acts as base for the easy and quick spreading of HIV infections.
Trichomoniasis or trichomonas infection is generally regarded as a women specific disease since men generally act as carriers of this disease and are rarely affected.When men are affected it hardly lasts for ten days causing
1.feeling of burning sensation in the genital tract after intercourse,
2.mild discharge from the penis
3.irritation and painful passing of urine.
This disease in men is usually self limiting and the symptoms vanish though the parasite remains in the genital tract without showing symptoms.
Trichomonas infection parasite in women is active during reproductive years but vanishes after menopause.The symptoms usually are
1.presence of foul smelling discharge from the vagina,
2.urge to urinate often,
3.vaginal itching causing redness and swelling,
4.lower abdominal pain.
These symptoms correspond and worsen during the menstrual periods.In women this disease affects the pregnancy by inducing premature birth resulting in underweight of the child.Sometimes the trichomonas infection disease parasite infects the child too if it is a girl.
The treatment should be given to both the sexual partners. The treatment of trichomoniasis is done by administering the drug 'metronidazole'2g orally once or two doses of drug 'metronidazole' 400mg.This is for information purpose only and you should take your doctors advice before using this drug.
The following are some of the drugs used to treat trichomonas infection of the vaginal canal, cervix and male urethra.
6. Flagyl ER,
10. Metro IV,
12.Metryl. trichomoniasis F.A.Q
What is trichomoniasis?
Trichomoniasis (TRIK-uh-muh-NEYE-uh-suhss) is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by a parasite. It is sometimes called ďtrich.Ē Trichomoniasis is the most common curable STI found in young, sexually active women.
How do women get trichomoniasis?
The parasite is spread through sexual contact. Women can get it by having penis-to-vagina intercourse with an infected man or vulva-to-vulva contact with an infected woman. Men usually get it only from infected women.
What are the symptoms of trichomoniasis?
Some women have no symptoms. Symptoms usually appear 5 to 28 days after exposure and can include:
* Yellow-green (sometimes frothy) vaginal discharge with a foul odor * Discomfort during sex and when passing urine * Irritation and itching in the genital area * Lower abdominal pain in rare cases
If you have any symptoms, stop having sex and contact your doctor right away.
Is there a test for trichomoniasis?
To tell if you have trichomoniasis, your doctor will do a pelvic exam and lab test. During the pelvic exam, your doctor may be able to see small red sores inside the vagina or on the cervix. Your doctor will also take a fluid sample from the vagina to look for the parasite under a microscope or to send to a lab. Other tests, like a vaginal culture or DNA test can also be used for testing.If you have trichomoniasis, ask your doctor if you should be tested for other STIs too.
How is trichomoniasis treated?
Trichomoniasis usually can be cured with these antibiotics:
* Metronidazole (me-truh-NYD-uh-zohl), or * Tinidazole (teye-NID-uh-zohl)
These drugs usually are given by mouth in a single dose. If you are allergic to the medicines normally used, your doctor might suggest topical medicines, which are medicines applied to the skin. But the topical medicines donít work as well and may not cure you. They might, however, ease the symptoms.People being treated for trichomoniasis should not have sex until they and their sex partners complete treatment and have no symptoms.
What happens if I donít get treated?
Having trichomoniasis increases a womanís risk of getting HIV if she is exposed to the virus. Having trichomoniasis may increase the chance that an HIV-infected woman passes HIV to her sex partner(s).
If you donít get treated, the infection stays in your body. Even without symptoms, it can be passed to others. Having trichomoniasis also can increase a womanís risk of getting HIV if she is exposed to the virus.
Should I tell my partner if I have trichomoniasis?
Yes ó your partner could have the infection too. You and your partner should be treated at the same time to keep from infecting each other again. Be sure to tell all of your recent sex partners also, so they can get tested and treated.
Does trichomoniasis cause problems during pregnancy?
Pregnant women with trichomoniasis may have babies who are born early or at a low birth weight. Babies born early or too small can have health problems.
Metronidazole can be used during pregnancy. But some doctors feel that itís best to not use metronidazole during the first 3 months, when the babyís organs are forming. Talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of treatment during pregnancy. Keep in mind that without treatment, you can give the infection to others.
How can I keep from getting trichomoniasis?
You can take steps to lower your risk of getting trichomoniasis and other STIs. The following steps work best when used together:
* Donít have sex. The surest way to lower risk of trichomoniasis or any STI is to practice abstinence, which means not having vaginal, oral, or anal sex. Keep in mind that trichomoniasis can be spread through vulva-to-vulva contact. * Be faithful. Having sex with one uninfected partner who only has sex with you will keep you safe from trichomoniasis and other STIs. Both you and your partner must be faithful all the time to avoid exposure. This means that you only have sex with each other and no one else. The fewer sex partners you have, the lower your risk of being exposed to an STI. * Use condoms correctly and every time you have sex. Use condoms for all types of sexual contact, even if penetration does not occur. Use a condom from the very beginning to the very end of each sex act, and with every partner. For vaginal sex, use a latex male condom or a female polyurethane condom. For anal sex, use a latex male condom. For oral sex, use a dental dam. * Know that some birth control methods ó and other methods ó donít protect against STIs. Birth control methods including the pill, shots, implants, IUD, diaphragm, and spermicides, donít protect against STIs. If you use one of these methods, make sure to also use a condom with every sex act. Washing genitals, passing urine, and douching after sex will not keep you from getting an STI. * Talk with your sex partner(s) about using condoms before having sex. Set the ground rules so you can avoid misunderstandings in a moment of passion. Be clear that you will not have any type of sex, any time, without using a condom. Remember, itís your body! * Get tested for STIs. If either you or your partner has had other sexual partners in the past, get tested for STIs before becoming sexually active. * Have regular checkups and pelvic exams even if youíre healthy. During the checkup, your doctor will ask you a lot of questions about your lifestyle, including your sex life. Answering honestly is the only way your doctor is sure to give you the care you need.
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